Alaska Corporation Advantages and Disadvantages
Alaska Corporation Advantages and Disadvantages
- Alaska’s small businesses will face a friendlier regulatory environment, thanks to a new law that gives Alaskan small
businesses a voice in the state’s regulatory process.
Upon signing the regulatory flexibility bill Governor Frank Murkowski said, “HB 33 is a step in the right direction to ensure the small business community in Alaska has a voice in crafting the regulations that affect their ability to make a living. This in turn will mean that agencies specified in the bill will have to consider the adverse impacts to small business before promulgating regulations. I am encouraged by this move to help return common sense to the regulatory process affecting a very important sector of our economy.”Alaska Corporation advantages and disadvantages
- Articles of Incorporation must be drafted and submitted to the Alaska Secretary of State, Corporations Division. Once articles of incorporation have been successfully filed, your Alaska Corporation
has been formed and this begins its existence as a Alaska corporate entity.
Should I Incoprorate in Alaska ?
A corporation, chartered by the state in which it is headquartered, is considered by law to be a unique entity, separate and apart from those who own it. A corporation can be taxed; it can be sued; it can enter into contractual agreements. The owners of a corporation are its shareholders. The shareholders elect a board of directors to oversee the major policies and decisions. The corporation has a life of its own and does not dissolve when ownership changes.
Advantages and Disadvantages:
Advantages of a Corporation
- Shareholders have limited liability for the corporation's debts or judgments against the corporations.
- Generally, shareholders can only be held accountable for their investment in stock of the company. (Note however, that officers can be held personally liable for their actions, such as the failure to withhold and pay employment taxes.)
- Corporations can raise additional funds through the sale of stock.
- A corporation may deduct the cost of benefits it provides to officers and employees.
- Can elect S Corporation status if certain requirements are met. This election enables company to be taxed similar to a partnership.
- A corporation pays 15% federal income tax on taxable income up to $50,000; 25% tax on income from $50,001 - $75,000; 34% tax on income from $75,001 - $100,000; 39% tax on income from $100,001 - $335,000; and 34% tax on income over $335,000.
- A sole proprietor who filed a federal income tax return under the status of married, filing jointly, would pay 15% federal income tax on taxable income up to $35,800; 28% tax on income from $35,801 to 86,500; and 31% tax on income over $86,501.
Disadvantages of a Corporation
- The process of incorporation requires more time and money than other forms of organization.
- Corporations are monitored by federal, state and some local agencies, and as a result may have more paperwork to comply with regulations.
- Incorporating may result in higher overall taxes. Dividends paid to shareholders are not deductible form business income, thus this income can be taxed twice.
Federal Tax Forms for Regular or "C" Corporations
- Form 1120 or 1120-A: Corporation Income Tax Return
- Form 1120-W Estimated Tax for Corporation
- Form 8109-B Deposit Coupon
- Form 4625 Depreciation
Alaska’s 2012 Business Tax Climate Ranks 4th
Alaska ranks 4th in the Tax Foundation's State Business Tax Climate Index. The Index compares the states in five areas of taxation that impact business: corporate taxes; individual income taxes; sales taxes; unemployment insurance taxes; and taxes on property, including residential and commercial property.
Tax Freedom Day Arrives on April 3 in Alaska
Tax Freedom Day is the day when Americans finally have earned enough money to pay off their total tax bill for the year. In 2011, Alaska taxpayers work until April 3 (38th nationally) to pay their total tax bill, 9 days before national Tax Freedom Day (April 12). The Tax Freedom Days of neighboring states were: Hawaii, April 6 (ranked 30th nationally); Oregon, April 8 (ranked 23rd highest nationally); Washington, April 16 (ranked 5th highest nationally); and California, April 16 (ranked 6th highest nationally). Full study of Tax Freedom Day, nationwide and in each state
Alaska's State and Local Tax Burden Lowest in the Nation
Since 1990, Alaska's state and local tax burden has consistently been the nation's lowest. Alaska's 2009 tax burden of 6.3% of income is well below the national average of 9.8%. Alaska's tax burden has decreased overall from 11.0% (12th nationally) in 1977 to 6.3% (50th nationally) in 2009. Alaskans pay $2,973 per capita in state and local taxes.
Before the Trans-Alaska pipeline was finished in 1977, taxpayers in Alaska bore the second-highest tax burden in the country. By 1980, with oil tax revenue pouring in, Alaska repealed its personal income tax and started sending out checks instead. The tax burden plummeted, and now Alaskans are the least taxed.
Alaska's Individual Income Tax System
Alaska levies no individual income taxes, joining six other states with the same policy: Wyoming, Washington, Nevada, Florida, Texas and South Dakota.
| Alaska Corporation Advantages and Disadvantages