Arkansas S Corporation Advantages and Disadvantages
S Corporation Definition
- A corporation with 75 or fewer shareholders,that has elected and qualified for a special tax status with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
The main advantage associated with the S Corporation
is that the income passes through to the shareholders, therefore avoiding a perceived double taxation of a C-Corporation.
Should I form a Arkansas S Corporation?
The S Corporation:
An "S Corporation" is a corporation that elects to be taxed under Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code (enacted in 1958
and periodically amended) and receives IRS approval of its request for Subchapter S status. As a legal entity (an artificial person), the S Corporation
is separate and distinct from the corporation's owners (the stockholders).
Arkansas S Corporation:
Advantages and Disadvantages
Advantages of the S Corporation:
- The independent life of the corporation makes possible its continuation, and the relatively undisturbed continued
operation of the business regardless of incapacity or death of one or more stockholders.
- Fractional ownership shares are easily accommodated in the initial offering of stock.
- The purchase, sale, and gifting of stock make it possible to have changes in ownership without disturbing the corporation's ability to conduct business.
- The requirement that the corporation's finances and records be separate from the finances and records of stockholders
reduces the risk of unrecognized equity liquidations.
- With only a few exceptions, under the Subchapter S election for taxation as a partnership the S corporation pays no
income taxes and corporation income or loss is passed through direct to the stockholders.
- To the extent the corporate shield is maintained and other investments and savings of the stockholders are not at risk, the personal life of stockholders is simplified.
- The annual meetings of stockholders and consultations with legal counsel can provide stimulus for improved communication
within the stockholder group (often a family group) and can provide more comprehensive guidance for management.
- Depending on the corporation's business record and the policies and practices of prospective lenders, access to credit
and the ability to secure needed resources may be improved.
- Earnings representing "return on investment" (interest, rental payments, etc.) are not subject to self-employment tax as long as stockholder-employees receive adequate compensation for labor and management of the business.
Disadvantages of the S Corporation:
- Lenders may require personal guarantees from corporate officers as a condition of supplying credit, thus negating the
limitation of liability.
- Conflicts or disagreements among the stockholders may immobilize decision making.
- Restrictions on the sale of stock and/or buy-back agreements included in the bylaws may prevent minority stockholders
from being able to recover the value of their investment in the corporation.
- Through the processes of gifting and inheritance, stock ownership can become divided among many persons who are not
active in the business and they may become a voting block that does not support needs and decisions believed desirable by
- Over time, corporation paid benefits for stockholder-employees may become costly and exceed the ability of the business
- Employment benefits such as life insurance, health insurance, and housing costs are taxable income to stockholder
employees with 2 percent or more stock ownership and to employees who are directly related to persons owning 2 percent
or more of the corporation stock.
- If appreciated assets are owned by the corporation and the corporation is dissolved, significant income taxes on the
appreciation amount will be generated.
Arkansas' 2012 Business Tax Climate Ranks 31st
Arkansas ranks 31st in the Tax Foundation's State Business Tax Climate Index. The Index compares the states in five areas of taxation that impact business: corporate taxes; individual income taxes; sales taxes; unemployment insurance taxes; and taxes on property, including residential and commercial property.
Arkansas' State and Local Tax Burden Above National Average
Arkansas' 2009 state and local tax burden of 9.9% of income is just above the national average of 9.8%. Arkansas' tax burden has increased overall from 8.3% (46th nationally) in 1977 to 9.9% (14th nationally) in 2009. Arkansas taxpayers pay $3,281 per capita in state and local taxes.
Tax Freedom Day Arrives on April 3 in Arkansas
Tax Freedom Day is the day when Americans finally have earned enough money to pay off their total tax bill for the year. In 2011, Arkansas taxpayers work until April 3 to pay their total tax bill (ranked 35th nationally), 8 days before national Tax Freedom Day (April 12). The Tax Freedom Days of neighboring states were: Texas, April 7 (ranked 25th nationally); Oklahoma, April 2 (ranked 41st nationally); Missouri, April 4 (ranked 33rd nationally); Tennessee, March 27 (ranked 49th nationally); Mississippi, March 26 (ranked 50th nationally); and Louisiana, March 30 (ranked 47th nationally).
Full study of Tax Freedom Day, nationwide and in each state
Arkansas' Corporate Income Tax System
Arkansas' corporate tax structure consists of six separate brackets with a top rate of 6.5% kicking in at an income level of $100,000. Among states levying corporate income taxes, Arkansas' top rate ranks 29th highest nationally. In 2008, state-level corporate tax collections (excluding local taxes) reached $120 per capita, which ranked 35th highest nationally.
The Facts on Arkansas' Tax Climate
Tax Freedom Day Arrives on April 3 in Arkansas
Tax Freedom Day is the day when Americans finally have earned enough money to pay off their total tax bill for the year. In 2010, Arkansas taxpayers work until April 3 to pay their total tax bill (ranked 38th nationally), 5 days before national Tax Freedom Day (April 9). The Tax Freedom Days of neighboring states were: Texas, April 5 (ranked 32nd nationally); Oklahoma, April 6 (ranked 30th nationally); Missouri, April 4 (ranked 36th nationally); Tennessee, April 1 (ranked 44th nationally); Mississippi, March 28 (ranked 48th nationally); and Louisiana, March 26 (ranked 49th nationally).
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