Kentucky Corporation and Asset Protection Kentucky Corporation
- Articles of Incorporation must be drafted and submitted to the Kentucky Secretary of State, Corporations Division. Once articles of incorporation have been successfully filed, your Kentucky Corporation
has been formed and this begins its existence as a Kentucky corporate entity.
Should I Incoprorate in Kentucky ?
A corporation, chartered by the state in which it is headquartered, is considered by law to be a unique entity, separate and apart from those who own it. A corporation can be taxed; it can be sued; it can enter into contractual agreements. The owners of a corporation are its shareholders. The shareholders elect a board of directors to oversee the major policies and decisions. The corporation has a life of its own and does not dissolve when ownership changes.
Advantages and Disadvantages:
Advantages of a Corporation
- Shareholders have limited liability for the corporation's debts or judgments against the corporations.
- Generally, shareholders can only be held accountable for their investment in stock of the company. (Note however, that officers can be held personally liable for their actions, such as the failure to withhold and pay employment taxes.)
- Corporations can raise additional funds through the sale of stock.
- A corporation may deduct the cost of benefits it provides to officers and employees.
- Can elect S Corporation status if certain requirements are met. This election enables company to be taxed similar to a partnership.
- A corporation pays 15% federal income tax on taxable income up to $50,000; 25% tax on income from $50,001 - $75,000; 34% tax on income from $75,001 - $100,000; 39% tax on income from $100,001 - $335,000; and 34% tax on income over $335,000.
- A sole proprietor who filed a federal income tax return under the status of married, filing jointly, would pay 15% federal income tax on taxable income up to $35,800; 28% tax on income from $35,801 to 86,500; and 31% tax on income over $86,501.
Disadvantages of a Corporation
- The process of incorporation requires more time and money than other forms of organization.
- Corporations are monitored by federal, state and some local agencies, and as a result may have more paperwork to comply with regulations.
- Incorporating may result in higher overall taxes. Dividends paid to shareholders are not deductible form business income, thus this income can be taxed twice.
Federal Tax Forms for Regular or "C" Corporations
- Form 1120 or 1120-A: Corporation Income Tax Return
- Form 1120-W Estimated Tax for Corporation
- Form 8109-B Deposit Coupon
- Form 4625 Depreciation
Kentucky's 2011 Business Tax Climate Ranks 19th
Kentucky ranks 19th in the Tax State Business Tax Climate Index. The Index compares the states in five areas of taxation that impact business: corporate taxes; individual income taxes; sales taxes; unemployment insurance taxes; and taxes on property, including residential and commercial property.
Kentucky's Individual Income Tax System
Kentucky's personal income tax system consists of six brackets with a top rate of 6% kicking in at $75,000. The top rate is 23rd highest nationally among states levying personal income taxes. Kentucky's 2008 state-level individual income tax collections were $815 per person, which ranked 30th highest nationally.
Kentucky's Corporate Income Tax Structure
Kentucky's corporate tax structure consists of three brackets with a top rate of 6%, kicking in at $100,000. Among states levying corporate income taxes, Kentucky's top rate is 35th highest nationally. In 2008, state-level corporate tax collections were $125 per capita, ranking 32nd highest.